Glossary

Our gobbledygook translator. We hope you find the website glossary useful.

Bandwidth: the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second).

Backend: this usually refers to both the management of the content and the technical functionality such as the management of the database.

Bitmap: a bitmap graphic is composed of many tiny parts, called pixels, which are often many different colours. It is possible to edit each individual pixel. Whereas vector graphics are made of lines and shapes.

Cache: A temporary storage area in memory or on disk that holds the most recently downloaded web pages. As you go from web page to web page, caching those pages in memory lets you quickly go back to a page without having to download it from the web again. Sometimes a cache refuses to let go of what it’s storing and you have to refresh the page.

Blog: a regularly updated website or web page, typically one run by an individual or small group, that is written in an informal or conversational style. In many business WordPress websites this would be setup as the news section and take a more formal approach.

Core: the basic program code for systems such as WordPress. The core should remain untouched by the website developer and extra functionality added using plugins and themes.

Content Management System (CMS): a section of the website that allows the management of the website. Users have different levels of access from full admin through to a contributor who can only add, edit and delete their own pages.

Designer: the person who designs the website. They are responsible for the look and feel of the website, graphics, the user experience and interaction.

Developer: the person who is responsible for making the designer’s ideas work. The developer builds the functionality of the website, typically working on the code for all the functionality from ensuring that the database works efficiently to making sure that a button changes colour when a mouse pointer rolls over it.

Frontend: the public facing part of a website or blog.

Maintenance plans: regular maintenance ensures the health of the website. At a very minimum making sure that the code is up to date and the website is backed up. routeToWeb offers regular Priority Maintenance Plans to help keep your site secure and running.

Plugin: is a software component that adds a specific feature to a website and is separate from the core code.

Screen reader: websites are not always accessed by a browser. Users with visual impairment often prefer to use a screen reader which takes the content of a web page and converts it into speech. A web page must have certain elements in place to ensure the smooth running of the reader.

Theme: a collection of files that provides the frontend design and styling for the website or blog.

Thumbnail: a reduced-size version of an image.

WordPress: is a free CMS used to build and maintain websites. Its ease of use and unique blogging features have helped it become the most popular blogging tool on the web.

URL: the address of a World Wide Web page.

User interface (UI): is the point of human-computer interaction and communication in a device. This can include display screens, keyboards, a mouse, or other pointing device, and the appearance of a desktop. It is also the way through which a user interacts with an application or a website.

Vector: vector graphics are made of shapes and are scalable. They often have a smaller file size compared to a bitmap image as they only record the points of the object and fill colour. e.g. a red square only needs to have the position of each corner recorded and that it has a red fill. Whereas a bitmap image records every pixel and its associated colour.